Biodiversity is the variety of life forms present on Earth, including animals, plants, fungi, and microorganisms. Biodiversity includes diversity within species, such as genetic diversity within a species, and diversity between species within a geographical area.
Biodiversity is important for the environment because the different species interact with each other and with the environment in a complex way, forming the ecosystems that support life on Earth. Biodiversity is also important for humans, as many ecosystem services, such as plant pollination, water purification, and protection from natural disasters, depend on biodiversity.
However, biodiversity is threatened globally due to human activity, such as deforestation, pollution, climate change, and the expansion of human activities into natural habitats. It is important to protect biodiversity to preserve ecosystems and ensure long-term sustainability. This
This can include conserving natural habitats, reducing the use of pesticides and fertilizers, and adopting sustainable practices in the agricultural and industrial sectors.