Biomass is a renewable energy source obtained from plant materials, such as wood, agricultural waste and energy crops. It can be used to produce electricity, heat and biofuels. Biomass can be derived from various sources, including forests, agricultural crops, industrial waste and organic waste. It is mainly used for the production of electricity and heat, through direct combustion or conversion into biofuels.
The advantages of biomass include its renewable nature and the ability to use agricultural waste and organic waste as raw materials. In addition, the combustion of biomass does not emit more CO2 than is absorbed during plant growth.
The disadvantages are related to sustainable management of resources used, such as the use of large amounts of water and fertilizers and competition with the use of the same crops for food, particularly affecting poor countries and populations, and can cause environmental problems if not properly managed, such as deforestation.