Deforestation is the destruction of large areas of forest, both naturally and as a result of human activities such as land cultivation, livestock farming, and infrastructure construction.
Deforestation is mainly carried out to meet the demand for agricultural land, livestock farming, logging, and urban expansion.
Deforestation causes a range of environmental problems, including the loss of habitat for many animal species, increased levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and altered local precipitation.
To reduce deforestation, policies must be implemented to protect forest areas and promote sustainable human activities. This includes:
- Promoting sustainable agricultural practices
- Regulating logging
- Creating programs for sustainable forest management
- Reducing intensive livestock farming
- Raising public awareness about the importance of forest conservation and the problems caused by deforestation.