E-waste, short for “electronic waste,” refers to all those electronic and electrical devices that have become obsolete, non-functional, or unwanted and are disposed of or recycled. These wastes include a wide range of products such as computers, mobile phones, televisions, appliances, lighting devices, electric batteries, industrial electrical equipment, and many others.
E-waste has become a global problem due to rapid technological advancements and increasing reliance on technology. Many of these devices contain hazardous substances such as lead, mercury, cadmium, and polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs), which can contaminate the environment and pose a threat to human health if not properly managed.
The recycling and proper disposal of e-waste are crucial to reducing negative environmental impacts. The recovery of valuable materials like gold, silver, copper, and others can help preserve natural resources and reduce mining. Additionally, e-waste recycling can help prevent soil, water, and air pollution caused by the release of harmful chemicals.