The blue economy is an economic system designed to create sustainable growth through technological innovation. In this model, the environmental consequences of economic activities are taken into consideration and efforts are made to reduce CO2 emissions to zero. The blue economy uses science and technology to develop more efficient and sustainable production methods through biomimicry, which involves studying and imitating the solutions used by living species.
According to some interpretations, the blue economy is instead a model of economic development based on the sustainable use of marine and coastal resources, such as fish, water, algae, and renewable energy from the sea.
Regardless of the prevailing interpretation, the ultimate goal is the same: to promote sustainable economic growth, protect the environment, and ensure long-term sustainability.
To promote the blue economy, government policies and incentives may be necessary to support the development and adoption of sustainable practices. Additionally, it is important to involve all stakeholders, including governments, businesses, non-profit organizations, and citizens, in the transition to a more sustainable economy.