The concept of “net zero” refers to achieving a balance between greenhouse gas emissions generated and those removed from the atmosphere. In other words, it means that emissions generated are offset by actions taken to remove them from the atmosphere.
The concept of “net zero” was developed to address the problem of global warming caused by human activities, which release large amounts of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Human activities that produce the most greenhouse gas emissions are energy production, agriculture, livestock, deforestation, and transportation. The goal of achieving net zero emissions by a certain date involves the adoption of sustainable practices, transitioning to clean energy sources, energy efficiency, sustainable agriculture, conservation and reforestation, carbon capture and storage, and reducing the use of fossil fuels.
To achieve the goal of net zero emissions, some countries and organizations are adopting various strategies, including:
- Promoting the use of clean energy sources such as solar, wind, and hydroelectric
- Adopting sustainable farming practices to reduce methane and nitrous oxide emissions
- Conservation and reforestation to increase the Earth’s ability to absorb carbon
- Carbon capture and storage to remove carbon from the atmosphere
- Reducing the use of fossil fuels and transitioning to electric vehicles
- Promoting energy efficiency practices to reduce energy consumption and related emissions
The concept of “Net Zero” has been adopted by many countries and organizations worldwide, including the EU, which has committed to becoming “Net Zero” by 2050, and many companies that have committed to achieving zero emissions by a certain date.